Transcript of Are there migrant workers or tenant farmers today? • After 1848: Following the end of the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), tens of thousands of migrant workers from Mexico began arriving in the United States.

In the early 20th century, large-scale commercial agriculture displaced family farms, tenant farmers, and sharecroppers. Bused hundreds of miles to vast agricultural complexes, they work six days a week for the equivalent of $8 to $12 a day. Most cotton pickers were Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, but UC-Berkeley economists Paul Taylor and Clark Kerr selected a migrant from Texas and Oklahoma, Bill Hamett, to be the workers' representative in the final negotiations. The Mexican and Mexican-American migrant farm workers already in California faced displacement and harsh working conditions. This informational text describes how many immigrants and Mexican-Americans worked on farms for low pay and little respect throughout the 20th century, and even today. These U.S. industries can't work without illegal immigrants . Hamett remained a farm worker, but … Migrant farm workers are predominantly Mexican-born sons, husbands, and fathers who leave what is familiar and comfortable with the hopes and dreams of making enough money to support their families back home; feed themselves; purchase land and a home; and – like many immigrants who came before them – ultimately return to their homeland. The 30-year-old immigrant from the Mexican state of Oaxaca says he makes roughly $25 an hour, depending on the job. The farm laborers are mostly indigenous people from Mexico's poorest regions. In many cases, they freely moved across the border for temporary jobs and then returned home.

In order to meet increased productivity demand, many farmers bought more land and expensive equipment,

For a long time, migration from Mexico to the United States has been largely driven by low-skilled, unauthorized workers seeking economic opportunity. Prior to around the 1950s, farmers housed Mexican migrant workers in giant canvas tents, which I believe may have been procured from the Army after WWII. “The Cycle of Poverty”: Mexican-American Migrant Farmworkers Testify before Congress. Hand labor, however, remained more cost effective for harvesting certain fruits and vegetables. However, in recent years, migration patterns have changed due to factors including the improving Mexican economy, stepped-up U.S. immigration enforcement, and the long-term drop in Mexico’s birth rates.

As these labor contractors began supplying more workers to farms, the UFW supplied fewer. In 2006, more than 11.5 million Mexican immigrants resided in the United States, accounting for 30.7 percent of all US immigrants. Since Mexico is a neighboring country, many of these people are Mexican or Mexican-American. More Mexican immigrants have returned …

The typical migrant worker will be Mexican or Central American, will travel from harvest to harvest across the country and will face a variety of working conditions depending on the laws of any given … Many U.S. farm owners recruited Mexicans and Mexican Americans because they believed that … Definitions and Overview. A migrant farmworker is defined as an individual who is required to be absent from a permanent place of residence for the purpose of seeking remunerated employment in agricultural work. Some farmers tired of dealing with UFW demands encouraged their Mexican supervisors to become labor contractors by recruiting friends and relatives in Mexico.